The Global Fuel Economy Initiative is heavily engaged in raising awareness about the importance of fuel economy and helping to shape a series of global processes on energy efficiency. These include the Sustainable Development Goals, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the G20.
GFEI is a major part of the UN’s focus on sustainable energy for all and climate change mitigation. GFEI’s goal of doubling the rate of improvement in energy efficiency will save 33Gt of CO2 by 2050.
|CO2 saved by achieving GFEI target||0.5 Gt/year by 2025, 1.5 Gt/year by 2050||33 Gt in total by 2050|
|$ saved by achieving GFEI target||$400 billion/year in 2050||$8 trillion net saving by 2050|
|Barrels of oil saved by achieving GFEI target||3 billion barrels of oil a year by 2050||54 billion barrels of oil in total by 2050|
GFEI is a key part of the UN’s Sustainable Energy for All initiative (SE4ALL), as a ‘High Impact Opportunity’, and is its leading initiative on fuel economy.
As such GFEI has played a major role in the Global Energy Efficiency Accelerator Platform which was established to help drive action and commitments by leaders at national and sectorial level. GFEI commitments on fuel economy by governments and sectors will help move the agenda forward on energy efficiency. GFEI’s work in developing toolkits, policy options, data and technical capacity are critical in this respect.
At COP21 in Paris nearly 200 countries agreed to keep global temperature rises ‘well below’ 2 degrees and pursue actions to reduce emissions.
The GFEI’s campaign – ‘100 for 50by50’ – was developed to gather new country commitments to the improvement of fuel economy, and was part of the Lima Paris Action Agenda (LPAA), the Sustainable Energy For All (SE4ALL) Accelerator programme, and the Paris Process on Mobility and Climate (PPMC), putting GFEI at the centre of key discussions during COP21.
40 new countries joined in GFEI’s work, taking the total to 65. Furthermore, new fuel economy policies form a key part of many governments’ INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) which set out a country’s proposed actions for the next 5 years to reduce emissions, and which are the cornerstone of the new climate agreement.
The GFEI was extensively showcased at the meeting, including both the Energy and Transport thematic sessions of the LPAA, at which Sheila Watson, Director of Environment and Research at the FIA Foundation and Executive Secretary of GFEI, announced 40 new countries joining GFEI, $7 million in new funding to support the next stages of work on this issue, including €1 million from the FIA Foundation, as well as highlighting key findings from GFEI’s latest research – ‘Fuel Economy State of the World 2016: Time for global action’.
Transport was largely missing from the Millennium Development Goals. However, after a great deal of careful and targeted work, GFEI partners are delighted to see that Energy Efficiency is reflected in Goal 7 of the new SDG framework – “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all”. These goals which were agreed in September 2015, are supported by a range of key indicators. GFEI’s own tracking data will play an important role in helping to track progress on SDG 7.
GFEI worked towards SDG 7 with a range of key partners including Sustainable Energy For All (SE4ALL). SE4ALL recognises fuel economy as a high impact opportunity for transport efficiency, and has included transport as part of its sustainable energy tracking framework.
G20: Supporting the G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan
The Global Fuel Economy Initiative is supporting the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) transport taskforce to take forward the G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan, a voluntary plan that was agreed at the Brisbane G20 meeting in Australia in November 2014, and which was subsequently re-affirmed by G20 Energy Ministers in Turkey in 2015. China, as the President of the G20 in 2016 is taking forward these issues.
The action plan aims to be practical and to strengthen voluntary energy efficiency collaboration in a flexible way. It currently consists of 13 participating economies in the transport work stream: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the EU, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, the UK and the US. The plan states that participating countries should consider “further action in support of GFEI’s overall aim of improving fuel efficiency”.
In 2015, this work included developing recommendations for G20 consideration related to clean fuels, vehicle emissions and vehicle fuel efficiency, including strengthened domestic standards in G20 countries, in as many areas as possible. The action plan recognises that “While such standards are applied domestically, in accordance with differing national circumstances and priorities, international work can accelerate technical development of standards and testing regimes and facilitate voluntary harmonisation. Harmonisation of national standards helps reduce development costs for new vehicles and lessens the regulatory burden. This work will include collaboration and exchange of experiences and best practices on relevant national standards.”
The Global Fuel Economy Initiative is an implementing partner of the G20's Transport Task Group (TTG) and has provided analysis for G20 countries to inform further action to improve the fuel economy of vehicles, as have ICCT. The TTG has the shared goal of reducing the energy and environmental impacts of motor vehicles. Participating countries are invited to report on country progress on policy roadmaps and interim milestones to achieve world-class, domestic clean vehicle and fuels national policies and programmes by September 2016.
The G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan was an important outcome of the Brisbane G20 meeting held in November 2014, and included a focus on improving light duty vehicle fuel economy.
This short paper summarises the importance of this issue for G20 countries.