An assessment of the vehicle inventory and import trends is being conducted in order to establish the fuel economy baseline of the vehicle fleet in Benin.

Cote d’Ivoire

The ICCT have provided technical support to Cote d’Ivoire to analyze their average new vehicle fuel economy data, which due to constraint availability of data is based on the top nine selling models. The average rates for this portion of the market (about a third) are 8.1 liters/100km or roughly 210 g CO2/km. In April, the country signed an agreement for GEF 5 GFEI activities. Under this contract it is proposed that the government develops and implements a vehicle data entry tool that will capture all the parameters necessary for GFEI analysis. In addition to updating the average auto fuel economy trends in the country, the support will include preparation of policy recommendations, an implementation strategy and public outreach campaign to improve the country’s fuel economy.


In September 2015, Kenya adopted an age-based taxation scheme for imported second-hand vehicles that will raise the tax for imported second-hand vehicles older than 3 years by 150% and reduce tax to 30% for vehicles younger than 3 years. The Bill also provides tax-breaks for vehicles with smaller and more efficient engines.


In November 2014, Mauritius finalised and presented its vehicle fuel economy baseline to stakeholders. Mauritius first introduced a feebate system in 2011 that taxes inefficient vehicles and provides a rebate for more fuel economic vehicles. The updated vehicle fuel economy inventory provides evidence that fuel economy policies in developing and transition countries can increase the import of more fuel efficient vehicles. The average vehicle fuel economy improved from an average of 7 l/100km in 2005 to 6.6 l/100km in 2013, which is particularly important given the country’s vehicle fleet growth of 60% between 2003 and 2013.

A new agreement has been signed with the Ministry of Environment, Sustainable Development, and Disaster and Beach Management in April 2015 to support the update of the average light and heavy duty vehicle fuel economy for the years 2014 and 2015; review current policies and develop an implementation roadmap for additional policies to encourage import of more fuel efficient vehicles.


A one-day workshop to present the preliminary results of the GFEI baseline study and proposed policy recommendations was held in Kampala, Uganda on 14 May, 2015. The study, which was carried out by the Makerere University as part of GFEI support to Uganda shows that the average vehicle fuel efficiency in Uganda is getting worse over time. This is mainly due to the import of older vehicles in recent years. While the average age of diesel vehicles imported
into Uganda in 2005 was 10 years, it increased to 18 years in 2014. Identified next steps to improve vehicle fuel efficiency in Uganda include the preparation of an implementation plan, continued public awareness rising and the provision of additional funding. Furthermore, Uganda also included the GFEI in its Nationally Appropriate Mitigating Action (NAMA) reports.