In Brazil, ICCT have recently released the first analysis comparing technology adoption and vehicle efficiency between Brazil and other major vehicle markets worldwide. The analysis concludes that Brazil lags behind most other markets in the adoption of such efficiency technologies. As a result, Brazil has relatively inefficient vehicles when compared to countries with vehicles of similar and even higher average weight. For example, the average new Brazilian vehicle consumes about 18% more energy than the average new vehicle in Japan, even though Brazilian vehicles are, on average, 8% lighter than the average Japanese car. An upcoming analysis will evaluate the technology potential and costs to align vehicle efficiency in Brazil with the world leaders.
Chile introduced a carbon tax in January 2015 to promote vehicle fuel economy. The tax is applied to new car purchases based on both CO2 and NOx emissions, effectively integrating vehicle emission standards into the scheme. The tax which must be paid at the moment of the purchase, applies to every new light-duty vehicle (LDV) and medium-duty vehicle (MDV). The tax builds on the fuel economy labelling scheme introduced in Chile in 2013.
In September 2015, the Global Fuel Economy Initiative presented a new report on CO2 emissions and fuel economy of new imported light duty vehicles based on data from 2008-2014. The average vehicle age in Costa Rica is about 15 years, which is a major challenge to the country’s goal of being carbon neutral by 2021. The report recommends the introduction of a vehicle labelling scheme to highlight important information on fuel economy and CO2. Furthermore the report suggests the adoption of emissions standards for new and used vehicles imported into the country, taxation of inefficient vehicles, as well as to continue with fuel quality improvements in order to being able to take advantage of the best technologies available in the market.
In July, GFEI was launched in Jamaica at an event organised by the University of Technology, Jamaica (UTech) in Kingston, with the financial support of the Global Environmental Fund (GEF). The event marks the first milestone towards strengthening vehicle emission and fuel quality standards and promoting fuel economy to support a more fuel efficient auto fleet.
The GFEI and our regional partner Centro Mario Molina Chile are supporting the development of cleaner and more efficient fuels and vehicle policies in Peru. This involved the development of a fuel economy baseline using data from 2006-2012, as well as presenting a Strategy for Cleaner and More Efficient Vehicles presented to government.
In Uruguay, GFEI has been helping to complete a fuel economy baseline based on 2012 vehicle data. The findings have been presented to the working group and the stakeholders. As follow-up a labeling scheme as well as fuel economy policies will be developed in corporation with Centro Mario Molina Chile.